Prominent Individuals of Clay County

A good source of early narrative about Florida pioneer individuals and families is  “Pioneers of Florida’s First Coast,” available at the Archives.

Alderman, Hiram One of the first settlers at Lake Geneva. His house is in Bonnie Melrose, pg 214. His 1880 farm is shown in the first known landscape panorama in Clay County (see Ekoniah Scrub, pg 12)

The landscape panorama illustration of Hiram Alderman's farm

Bardin, George N. of Green Cove Springs, a county judge, was born in Duval county, Fla., May 20, 1849, son of William S. and Jane (Tippens) Bardin. His father was one of the pioneers of the State, and celebrated for his extraordinary part in the great Seminole war of 1835-42. He served as a scout for the command of Captain Dade, escaped the massacre that befell his comrades by his absence on a scouting expedition, and rendered valuable service throughout the seven years’ war. When the civil war began he was too old for enlistment, but as the struggle progressed he realized the straits to which the South was put to get sufficient men and despite his advanced age enlisted in the Florida militia, was appointed orderly sergeant and served three years, being detailed for scouting duty on account of his unusual abilities in that line and splendid reputation acquired in previous wars.

George N. Bardin was too young to join the Confederate army, but, imbued with a desire to serve his county, and unaware of the regulations of war, with a party of boys, attacked the enemy encamped on Black Creek, killing several of the sentinels, who were negroes, and creating great consternation in the camp. For that act he was declared a murderer by the United States government, and a cavalry company was sent to capture him, which he narrowly escaped by fleeing to the almost impenetrable swamps. His father decided that it would not be healthy for young George to remain at him after this, and accordingly he was impressed into the regular service, rendering an excellent account of himself up to the cessation of hostilities. After the war he engaged in the sawmill and lumber business until he attained his majority.

From that period Mr. Bardin has been prominently identified with the public affairs of Clay county, having long been a capable and trusted official. He served as constable for one year, and as deputy sheriff four years; for six years was an efficient justice of the peace, and has been honored with the office of Mayor of Green Cove Springs for three terms and member of the board of aldermen one term. For many years he was the clerk of the circuit court and afterward was tax assessor. For several years he served Clay county as deputy collector and deputy tax assessor and later was again deputy sheriff. In the latter part of 1895 he was appointed county judge to full an unexpired term; in 1896 he was elected justice of the peace, holding that office until November 1899, when he was again appointed county judge to till an unexpired term.

In the general election of November, 1900, Mr. Bardin was elected by popular vote to succeed himself in that important office and he entered upon a new term January 8, 1901. Mr. Bardin has enjoyed a public career of over thirty years in the county in which he now resides, having held nearly every office of importance within he gift of his constituents and invariably discharging all obligations with rare fidelity and unusual ability. He has long been connected with th Masonic order and is the efficient secretary of the local lodge at Green Cove Springs. He was married April 13, 1871, to Josephine, daughter of John and Mary Gay, and seven children have been born to them, Charles N., Mrs. Ella Branning (of DeSota county), Fannie, Laura, Annie, Sadie and Mildred. [Memoirs of Florida]

Bemis, H. E.., is an old resident of the town [Green Cove Springs], having been here about twelve years. He has a large stock and has shown great skill in the selection of the goods displayed in his cases. Gold and silver watches of all kinds and prices can be found, silverware, rings, and in fact, all kinds of jewelry are in his stock. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Benedict, Nathan Supt. of the NY Insane Asylum system, who came to Florida for his health, bought Magnolia Springs, and opened the first hotel there.

Benedict, Washington A. Pastor at the Orange Park Normal School. Informed the state superintendent of education that blacks and whites were being taught together, resulting in an important race-relations court case.

Benedict, Washington G. Formed the Town of Orange Park in conjunction with his investors in the Florida Winter Home and Development Company. Besides his important works, he also patented a palmetto mattress.

Biddulph, F. B. One can hardly visit Green Cove Springs without meeting Alderman F. B. Biddulph. His handsome drug store is on a most convenient corner, and is always a retreat for visitors, either in search of medicines or toilet articles, or by those who want the daily paper or reading matter of some description. Mr. Biddulph came from new Jersey, and has always been considered as one of the best of men when it comes to working for his town. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Black, Christian, ex-Sheriff, County Commissioner, and at present on the Board of Public Instruction, came from Denmark twenty-one years ago, and although of foreign birth, has always been one of the live men of Clay county. Mr. Black is identified with the Masons and Knights of Pythias, and by those who know him is considered to be a warm friend and good citizen. [Live Towns and Live men 1891]

Brazee, G. A. The growth of Green Cove Springs has been very rapid and the number of fine residences which are to be seen on every hand shows plainly that the town has good contractors and builders. G. A. Brazee has the reputation of being one of the best contractors in the State. The amount of building done by Mr. Brazee in the town is enormous. As he uses only the best materials and employees the most careful workmen, his services have always been in good demand. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Budington, Ozias A. of Green Cove Springs, was born in 1849, son of Ozias Budington and Susan Gary, of Maryland. His grandfather Gary came to Florida when the change of flags took place and served the United States government as its first Indian agent in Florida. He served through the Indian wars of 1835 to 18377 and was a merchant in Clay county for a number of years. Ozias A. Budigton received a common school education and at the close of the war, when only sixteen years old, engaged in the lumber business. he was also occupied in the construction of the Southwestern railroad from the tenth milepost to Melrose, a distance of twenty-four miles. In official life he has had the honor of holding the office of clerk of the circuit court of Clay county for ten years.

At present he has a large shingle mill at Green Cove Springs, where he manufactures nothing but cypress shingles, of which he can hardly supply the demand. Mr. Budington is strictly a self made man, and a fine type of the progressive, industrious workers who are the chief factors in building up states. By his unwavering industry and good judgment he has accumulated a nice property. He is recognized as a shrewd business man and a citizen who enjoys general esteem. On Novemeber 4, 1875, he was married to Lula F., daughter of Richard L. Hallowar of Edgefield, S. C. They have two children living, Richard Earle, and Belle, the widow of Tracy Paxson. [Memoirs of Florida] We are fortunate to have a first-hand account of a meeting with Buddington in “Ekoniah Scrub“, written by Louise Seymour Townsend.

Butler, Gould T., of Pine Grove Mill, has proved that enterprise and hard work will bring their own reward. Mr. Butler handles hay, grain and fertilizer in any quantity the purchaser desires. He also makes a specialty of cleaning rice and grinding feed. His beautiful residence, on the hill, is nestled amid orange trees and beautiful vines and shrubs. Twenty-four acres have been set aside for fruits of every description. Last year his place yielded about 30,000 quarts of strawberries. Packing and shipping fruit is attended to for outside parties.

Campbell, Lucius J. of Middleburg, notable among those interested in the turpentine industry, was born in Colleton county, S. C., September 9, 1852, son of John W. and Lavonia (Paget) Campbell. His father was a gallant Confederate soldier in the civil war, serving through that struggle as a private in Captain Campbell’s company, of Cox’s regiment. Mr. Campbell’s first venture in business was in the sawmill industry in South Carolina, in which he was successfully engaged up to ten years ago, when he embarked in the turpentine industry and has successfully pursued that line of occupation since.

About 1896 he moved to his present home in Clay county, and purchased several large turpentine tracts in different parts of the county, one lying near Middleburg, another situated on Black Creek, a third a Orange Park and a fourth at Flemings, altogether comprising one of the most valuable holdings of this character in the St. Johns region. Mr. Campbell is an honored citizen, a man of sterling worth, who has the respect and friendship of the whole community. He was married July 8, 1855, to Amanda E., daughter of Benjamin and Eliza Spell, of Collection, S. C., and they have five children: Benjamin, Marvin, Russell, Pleasant, and an infant William Jennings. [Memoirs of Florida]

Carlyle, George Long-time County Clerk of Clay County. A scrapbook of newspaper clipping over his 35 year career is available at the Archives.

Chalker, A. S. It is presumed that every person in Clay county, as well as thousands all over the State, know A. S. Chalker. Mr. Chalker is an old resident and honorable one, having participated in every movement for the benefit of his town for many years. In 1852 Mr Chalker’s father came to Florida from Horry county, S. C., and from that time to the present his faith in the State has always been strong and his work of that nature which has aided in the development of the State at large as well as his own town.

Mr. Chalker was for four years County Tax Collector, and postmaster of Middleburg seventeen years. In business circles he has always stood very high, having been one of the leading men of Clay county for years. The Chalker residence is the most picturesque in the town, and beneath its hospitable roof eight bright, healthy sons and daughters have come to brighten the life and prolong the days of Mr. Chalker and his estimable wife. As a Mason and Knight of Pythias Mr Chalker has been very prominent, and here, as elsewhere in his life, has done good at all times when in his power to do so. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Chalker, William R. of Middleburg, was born in that old Florida town October 4, 1866, son of Albert S. and Martha A. (Bardin) Chalker. He was raised and educated there and in early manhood gave his attention to the business of druggist. in 1894 he was elected tax assessor of Clay county, a position he ably filled for four years, and in 1900 he was appointed by the governor to fill an unexpired term in the office of tax collector. Meanwhile he has prospered in business as a druggist, is one of the popular business men of his town and has merited general commendation by his official services. He was married November 25, 1892, to Agnes V., daughter of John C. and Jane Masters, and they have four children, Gladys, Earnest, Edit and Edna. [Edna was an avid local historian for many years] Mr. Chalker is prominent in the Masonic order, being a past master an district deputy grand master, and has received the degrees of the Scottish rite, at St. Augustine. In the Knights of Pythias he is past chancellor commander and keeper of the records and seals. [Memoirs of Florida]

Copeland, Judge J. T. Another familiar form in Orange Park is J. T. Copeland, ex-County Judge of Clay county. Judge Copeland is a native of Maine, but for a number of years before coming to this State resided in Michigan where he was Judge of the Supreme Court. He served his country during the late war as a gallant soldier and won fame and honor. Judge Copeland is always warm in his praise of his adopted State, and may be depended upon at all times to assist willingly and liberally in whatever tends to build ip Orange Park and Clay count. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Crocker, Jo. C. Every town has men who, from their business methods, are known as leaders in their particular lines of trade. Such a man is Jo. C. Crocker. His new store is the largest in the county, and his stock large and always sold at prices that should make every one spend their money at home. Whatever you do, avoid long, tiresome journeys out of town when Crocker will sell you cheaper at home. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Davids, Thaddeus (1810 – 1894) of New York. Together with his family and servants, Thaddeus Davids wintered at his villa in Green Cove Springs during the 1870s. He was mayor of Green Cove Springs for a time.

Davis, (Robert) Wyche. First Speaker of the the House, from Clay.

A portrait of Davis Wyche

Faulk, William H. of Orange Park, was born in Robeson county, N. C., March 3, 1867, son of Asbury and Sarah *Bethay) Faulk. He was raised and educated in his native state, receiving a common school training, and in 1886 removed to Tatnall county, Ga., engaging in the turpentine business. Becoming an expert in this important industry, he was called in 1900 to the position of general manager of the large turpentine farms of Dr. R. Edwards, in the vicinity of Prange Park, among the most extensive and valuable in the state. Mr. Faulk has become thoroughly a citizen of Florida, and is a valuable addition to the ranks of those engaged in developing one of her most valuable resources. He is recognized as one of the best informed men in the naval stores industry. Mr. Faulk’s family consists of his wife, Lena, daughter of John and Nancy (Tillman) Hughey of Tatnall county, Ga., and five children: William M., John H., Frank F., Henry F., and Edna M. [Memoirs of Florida]

Finegan, Joseph

Known as the CSA general in command of Florida. Finegan married Rebecca (Smith) Travers, the widow of William Travers. They lived for a time at Constancia (Magnolia Springs) and a letter survives written by Finegan from Constancia in 1847. They sold out to Joseph Summerlin (Summeral) before the Civil War. The Summerlins provided Finegan’s army with cattle during the war. After the war, Finegan’s property was used by the Freedmen’s Bureau as an “asylum” (orphanage, hospital and school) for black children.

Fleming, Francis of Jacksonville [long bio in Memoirs of Florida]

Fleming, Frederic A. of Hibernia, a younger son of Col. Lewis Fleming, was born May 1, 1845. In his boyhood he volunteered as a soldier of the Confederacy, and was enrolled as a private in Company B, Second Florida cavalry, in 1863, after having been previously declined on account of his tender age. He gallantly served with this command in defense of the State until the close of the war. Since then he has been engaged in farming, upon the old homestead of the Fleming family, and has also conducted a hotel. For a number of years he held the office of postmaster at Hibernia, and he served with distinction as State senator for the Twenty-ninth district of Florida. Senator Fleming was married in 1886 to Margaret Baldwin, of Bloomfield, N. J., and has four children, Frederic A., Jr., Margaret, Mary Augusta and Dorothy Baldwin. [Memoirs of Florida]

Fleming, Margaret Seaton

See a book at the Archives: “Margaret’s Story — Story of Margaret Fleming, by Eugenia Price

Fougere, Marquis de

He built a sawmill at Black Creek, do doubt incorrectly shown on on an 1829 (Board of Internal Improvement) map as Fougere “Fort.” As far as is known there was not a Fort there until the Second Seminole War. One loose end to tie up is that Martha Chalker talks about a “second fort” in a 1980 oral interview.

Frisbee, George, Jr., was born in Middleburg twenty-three years ago and, although a young man, has established a reputation which must prove of value through his remaining years. He is at present in the employ of T. J. Dillaberry & Co., a position he is well calculated to fill. Mr. Frisbee is a Mason and Knight of Pythias as well as a leader in social affairs. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Geiger, Allen B.,a prominent merchant of Green Cove Springs, was born in Clay county, Fla., October 11, 1865; son of Eli W. and Francis (Drew) Geiger. His father was a distinguished citizen closely identified with the important affairs of the county, and holding many prominent official positions. Mr. Geiger grew up in the period immediately subsequent to the civil war when the general impoverished condition of the southern country precluded all chance of obtaining collegiate education, nevertheless he made good use of such opportunities as were open, and was able to teach school satisfactorily in the years 1866-7. Then he began his mercantile career in the employ of W. R. Glisson, of McRae, later with A. S. Chalker, of Middleburg, and for one year with J. F. Townsend, of Jacksonville.

Returning to his home, he was with W. J. Wilson & Bro., until 1896, when a stock company was formed, entitled the Wilson Mercantile Company, of which he was elected vice-president, a position he yet retains. This company is one of the most prosperous in that section of the State, doing a large and growing business. Mr. Geiger is interested in the affairs of his town and county, and is a valuable member of the town council. He is prominent in mercantile and social circles, is an honored member of the Masonic order, and possesses the esteem and regard of his fellow citizens. On April 6, 1890, he was married to Alice, daughter of Frank and Martha Pierce of Kentucky, and they have two children, Ray Leicester and Ethel Idell. [Memoirs of Florida]

Greer, Judge J. F. Another familiar figure in Green Cove Springs is Judge J. F. Greer, who was born in Twiggs county, Georgia, sixty-two years ago. Judge Greer has been in Florida ten years, and, during the time, has done much towards the development and welfare of his adopted State, always foremost in every progressive movement. Besides serving as County Judge, he has been a County Commissioner and Justice of the Peace. For thirty years he haswas a prominent business man of Macon, Ga., where he had a host of friends. As a gallant soldier, trusted official and staunch business man, none know Judge Gree but to respect him. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Griffis, Manning W., of Green Cove Springs, clerk of the circuit court of Clay county, was born in Baker county, Fla., February 12, 1861, son of Manning G. and Jane (Smith) Griffis, both of whom were natives of Georgia. He received his prepartory education in the common schools of Clay county, attended the White Springs academy, where he took the teacher’s course, and later finished his schooling at the Jasper Normal college, where he devoted his attention to the scientific course.

During the period of his college career, Mr. Griffis taught schooll in vacations in Baker, Clay and Bradford counties, and he continued with much success in this profession until called to public office. On November 6, 1900, he was elected clerk of the circuit court of Clay county, and he entered upon the discharge of the functions of that office in January, 1901. Mr. Griffis has done good work in the schools of North Florida, and is highly deserving of the honor which has been bestowed upon him. In fraternal affairs he is an active member of the Masonic order. [Memoirs of Florida]

Gustafson, Papa and Mama

Founders of Gustafson Dairy in Green Cove Springs, after 1900.

Mama and Papa Gustafson

Haas, Charles E. of Green Cove Springs, was born in Clay county, Fla., September 27, 1860, fourth son of John and Rebecca (Varns) Haas. Mr. Haas reared amid the disturbed condition of affairs subsequent to the civil war and without much educational advantages, but by force of energy and application he fitted himself to fill important positions in the commercial world. He started out as a cigar maker in Jacksonville and was engaged in that business for three years, having risen to be assistant foreman of the factory. Returning to Green Cove Springs he was engaged in photography with his brother Isaac Haas for two years. For the next seventeen years he was trusted and valued employee of J. C. Crocker, in the general mercantile business, after which he went to Jacksonville, embarked in the mercantile business and for four years conducted it with success and profit.

Then, selling out, he returned to Green Cove Springs, formed a partnership with E. Y. Harvey, under the stle of Green Cove Lumber Co., and engaged in the sawmill and logging industry. This firm has been exceedingly prosperous from the start, receiving more orders than they can fill and shiping large quantities of lumber ot Jacksonville and Mayport. On October 21, 1891 Mr. Haas was married to Emma, daughter of Henry and Hetty (Fell) Boyer, of Kentucky, and they have two childred, Felix Herman and Bernice. As a business man Mr. Haas was wrought with success from a modest beginning and is deserving of all his good fortune. [Memoirs of Florida]

Hancock, Henry W.,a prominent citizen of Green Cove Springs, was born in Jefferson county, N. Y., October 20, 1843, son of Isaac B. and Salle (Robbins) Hancock. He received a common school education in Columbia county, Wis., studied music at Alger, Iowa, and in 1875, made his first business venture, opening a store for the sale of musical instruments. Three years later he disposed of his stock, moved to Sheldon, Ill., and embarked in the dry goods trade. He began his life in Florida in 1882, settling in Clay county, and purchasing a farm on the St. Johns river, where he devoted his time to fruit growing.

In a few years, he had one of the finest peach and pear orchards in that county, and found a ready and profitable market for his products. In 1896 he opened a hotel at Green Cove Springs for the accommodation of his Northern friends, and he has been most successful in the management of this business. Always enterprising, Mr. Hancock is interested in all movements that promise the betterment of his locality. He has served his fellow citizens as chairman of the board of public instruction of Clay county for some years. He is master of the Masonic lodge at Green Cove Springs, is deputy grand master for the Eight district, and is an influential Oddfellow. Mr. Hancock was married January 1, 1882, to Margaret E., daughter of William and Lucy (Wilkinson) Wilson of Sheldon, Ill., and they have one daughter, Ruth. [Memoirs of Florida]

Hanford, Sidney F., County Clerk of Clay county, is another young man who has, at all times, been found worthy of the highest honors. Being a prominent Democrat his party have, at various times, elected him to fill positions of trust. he has served ast County Clerk since 1888, three terms held the Marshall’s office and served as Town Collector for two terms. As a Knight of Pythias and Mason he stands high, while in social and business circles not stand higher. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Hendricks, Thomas J. Clay County’s delegate to the Secession Convention. One of the only counties to vote to stay with the Union. Described in Parade of Memories, pg 71.

Hendricks is No. 32 in the middle pf the photo (with glasses) to the left of his friend Mathew Solano.

Hilliard, Robert L., of Orange Park, a prominent lumberman, was born in Ware county, Ga., August 17, 1864. His father, Captain Cuyler W. Hilliard, served through the civil war as a captain in a gallant Georgia regiment, rendering honorable service for the South, afterward represented Ware county in the Georgia legislature and for many years was successfully engaged in the lumber business in Georgia, until his removal in 1890 to Dinsmore, Duval county, Fla., where he is engaged extensively in lumbering under the firm name C. W. Hilliard & Sons. Robert L. Hilliard is an important member of that firm, and was sent to Orange Park to take control of a small lumber business which the company purchased in 1897.

He has continued in charge of the property, developing and increasing it until it has reached handsome proportions. This mill ships large quantities of lumber by boat to New York and other important markets of the world. On September 22, 1887, Mr. Hilliard was married to Gracie, daughter of James A. and Christine (Daniels) Tripp of New York state, and they have two sons, Robert Lee and Frank H. Mr. Hilliard is a member of the famous lumberman’s order of Hoo Hoos, and is accorded an honorable place among his fellow business men. [Memoirs of Florida]

Hoffman, Lee Among the younger men of the town [Middleburg] will be found Lee Hoffman, bookkeeper for Dillaberry & Co. Mr. Hoffman is about thirty years of age and a South Carolinian by birth, as well as one of the most popular young men in the community. Those who know Mr. Hoffman best speak of him as courteous and honorable, and predict a future of usefulness. He has recently, in company with Mr. De Montmullin, built an opera house which is a credit to a town of Middleburg’s size. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Holt, E. N. In every town there are to be found men who build up and improve the town. E. N. Holt, of Orange Park, has been the moving spirit in the development of the place. Mr. Holt is the president of the Town Council, also the chairman of the Board of County Commissioners of Clay county. He has also served as Mayor, town clerk, postmaster, and other important positions. With small means at the start he has, by strict attention to business and determination to win, gained step by step until he now owns an immense hotel beautifully furnished, a general store and orange groves of many acres in the village, and wild lands throughout the county.

He also owns a large interest in a steamer plying between Jacksonville and Green Cove Springs [this is probably the May Garner]; is sole owner of an artesian well over 400 feet deep. This well he will pipe for a supply of water for the village. The village council has granted him the exclusive franchise for twenty years to supply the village with water. Another enterprise that he has taken hold of is a grand shell road from Jacksonville to the park, thirteen miles; also a brick yard — a fine supply of good clay having been found close to the town limits. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Houghton, E. W. is another of Middleburg’s live men. Mr, Houghton is postmaster and keeps, in connection with the postoffice, a large stock of dry goods, groceries, etc., with which he supplies a large trade. A native of old Massachusetts, a resident of Colorado three years, where he was president of Bay State Mining Company, and twenty-one years of life of more than ordinary interest spent in Florida, has given to Mr. Houghton an acquaintance with men and the country at large, which makes him an interesting and highly educated citizen. [Live Towns and Live men 1891]

Jennings, May Mann

Jennings, William Sherman

Jennings built a career of exceptional public service to the citizens of Florida. Afterward, her retired to Jacksonville, from which he maintained a farm and forest lands in the Middleburg area. He served as judge in Hernando County (1888), House of Representatives (1893), Speaker (1895) and Governor (1900). His wife, May Mann Jennings, was a powerhouse in her own right. Her biography is available at the Archives. His first cousin, William Jennings Bryan, famously ran for president several times.

A portrait of William Sherman Jennings

Kirkpatrick–Everybody who has every had the pleasure of visiting Green Cove Springs in late years knows, if he is one of the boys, where Kirk’s place is, and every one knows that whatever Mr. Kirkpatrick sells is the best, and that you will get just what you want and how, when and where you want it. Mr. Kirkpatrick is a member of the Board of County Commissioners, a prominent secret society man and a might good fellow to have in any position. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Law, Charles Fabian, of Green Cove Springs, senator for the Twenty-ninth senatorial district of Florida (Clay and Baker counties), has been a resident of Green Cove Springs for nearly twenty years, during which tie he has filled many offices of trust. Be has been town assessor and town attorney, and mayor for three consecutive terms — the first third-term mayor in the history of the municipality. He was supervisor of registration of Clay county for ten years and served as clerk of the circuit court for the unexpired term of Syndey F. Hanford, resigned. Senator Law is a native of George, born in Liberty county August 25, 1868, on the plantation of his grandfather, Judge William Law, a prominent lawyer and judge of the Georgia circuit, now known as Chatham circuit, many years ago.

William Fabian Law, son of the latter and father of Senator Law, was graduated at Yale in the class of 1837 and received a diploma at the Dane law school, Cambridge, Mass., in 1840, after which he commenced the practice of his profession in the city of Savannah. Senator Law’s early schooling was at private and public schools in Savannah and shortly after the war between the states he was sent to Toronto, Canada, where he attended and graduated at the Upper Canada college. He first read law at Utica, N. Y., in the office of his uncle, Alexander T. Goodwin, State senator from Oneida county, and, after his arrival in Florida, continued his studies with Hon. Robert W. Davis. He was admitted to the bar in Florida at the spring term, 1884, of the circuit court in Clay county, and has practiced his profession there ever since, excepting the period that he served as clerk of the circuit court.

Senator law is a lawyer of ability, and has met with success and honorable recognition in his profession. His recent record in the State senate has received the approbation of his constituents. He introduced a number of excellent bills which are now among the status of the State. It was due to his efforts that the amendment to the pension bill, which he introduced, increasing the amount of pension for ex-Confederate solders, was adopted. He introduced Senate joint resolution No. 4, for the relief of the Supreme court. In a contest conducted by a Tallahassee newspaper to decide who was the “most popular senator of the session of 1901,” the balloting resulted in his favor, and he was the recipient of a handsome gold-headed cane. On November 2, 1902, Senator Law was married to Miss Adah Elam, of Atlanta, Ga. [Memoirs of Florida]

Lee, Ensign Benjamin A WW II land field on Fleming Island was named for Lee. See the paper, “Ensign Benjamin Lee, II & Lee Field GCS,” by Faye Kennedy Irwin

Leuders, Henry, as will be noticed by his advertisement elsewhere, deals in everything usually to fe found in a variety store. Mr. Leuders is a prince of good fellows and has one of the most attractive homes in the county. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Low, Capt. J. E.All Florida towns have their live real estate men. They are among the most useful of business men and do more than almost any other class in building up their respective towns. J. E. Low is the leading real estate man of Green Cove Springs, and it is safe to say that no man in the town labors more earnestly to make the town the best in the South. Captain Low always bargains in real estate, and those who patronize him will make no mistake. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Merrill, Charles E. Son of Dr. Charles Merrill and born in Green Cove Springs. At 30, he and his friend Edmund Lynch formed the investment house of Merril Lynch & Co. He is known for adroitly orchestrating the merger of two grocery chains to form Safeway in 1926 and for shrewdly avoiding the worst effects of the Great Depression. His boyhood home still stands. | His obituary |

Merrill, Dr. Charles M. The oldest established business in Green Cove Springs is that of Dr. C. M. Merrill. The Doctor enjoys life, and why not? With a large and carefully selected stock of everything to be found in a first-class drug store and a constantly increasing and popular practice, is it any wonder that, wherever you find Dr. Merrill, you find a man full of life, prolific in ideas and as genial and jolly an M. D. as one can find in the State. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Peeler, J. A., In speaking of the officials of Clay county, J. A. Peeler, the efficient sheriff, should not be forgotten. Sheriff Peeler is well and favorably known all over Clay County. That he is worthy of the respect and confidence is shown by the exalted official position he now holds, a position which he fills to the entire satisfaction of all. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Peeler, William F., of Green Cove Springs, sheriff of Clay county, was born in Jefferson county, Fla., April 25, 1861, son of William and Amanda (Carlisle) Peeler. He was raised and educated in Clay county, where he engaged in farming and as a proprietor of a market in Green Cove Springs until January 8, 1900, when he was appointed sheriff by the governor, to fill the unexpired term of James Weeks. In November, 1900, at the general election, he was elected by popular vote to succeed himself to that position.

Sheriff Peeler was married November 15, 1888, to Lula H., daughter of Daniel and Sue C. Souter, of Clay County. She died, February 22, 1889, and he was again married, July 1895, to Mrs. Mary (Richardson) Harris, daughter of William and Mary (Carter) Richardson. Four children have been born to them, of whom two are living, Lula, and Martin Luther. Sheriff Peeler is a young man of sterling worth and marked ability, and is very popular in his county. As sheriff he has so conducted himself in the performance of duty that the people have learned to respect him for his fearless discharge of his obligations to the public. [Memoirs of Florida]

Prevatt, E. D., Tax Collector of Clay County, is a native of Florida; his home is at McRae. Mr. Prevatt is a prominent Mason, and is also connected with the Farmers’ Alliance, in which he takes an active part. All who have the pleasure of his acquaintance, both in social and business life, speak of him as a prudent official, and honorable citizien. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Randall, W. D. We desire to call special attention to The Green Cove Springs, one of the live State papers and recognizes all over the State as being one of the very best. W. D. Randall, the editor and manager, has demonstrated his ability to give the public a newsy, progressive paper, and we want to say, for the benefit of those who fail to support the home paper, we don’t care what town you live in, where you were born, what your politics are, rich poor, native or foreigner, white or black, if you are half a man, and want to see your town prosper and your editor wear a coat, patronize your paper. Of course, this is a free country, but no man is supposed to act like a lunatic without some restrictions. [Live Towns and Live men 1891]

Register, L. D. The family of L. D. Register is an old one in Clay County, and it is safe to say that no one in Middleburg is a stranger to him. In the vigor of manhood, of a good family, holding a fine position with the old reliable firm of A. S. Chalker, prominent as a Knight of Pythias and Good Templer, and with hosts of friends, L. D. Register should feel indeed that his lot is one of the most pleasant to be found in life. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Reinhold, Paul

“The Cathedral Builder, Life of Paul Reinhold” is available at the Archives.

Rivers, D. T. was born in South Carolina in 1853, and has been in Florida the past fifteen years, the last three of them in this place [Green Cove Springs]. Some five months ago he opend a gents’ furnishing store on Magnolia avenue and id doing a good business. His store is neat and attractive and he has a good trade. Mr. Rivers is also the agent for Pine Grove Mill’s hay, grain and fertilizers. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Rosenbush, R. The “Parlor City” [Green Cove Springs] Bakery is conducted by R. Rosenbush. Here you can find the finest pies, sweetest bread and best of cakes. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Sheats, William N. State Supt. of Schools during the Orange Park Normal School crisis.

A photograph portrait of William N Sheats

Wager, Andrew F., of Green Cove Springs, a prosperous fruit grower, was born in the province of Ontario, Canada, May 26, 1876, son of Thomas A. and Manita (Eddy) Wager. His father moved to Clay county, Fla., in 1882, followed his trade as a carpenter for some years, and also embarked in the fruit growing industry. Andrew F. received his early education in the schools of Clay county and took course in the Georgia and Alabama Business college at Macon, Ga., after completing which, he taught school in Clay county very successfully during the years 1896 and 1897. On July 25, 1898, imbued with a desire to serve the county of his adoption, he volunteered in the United States service to take part in the Spanish-American war, enlisting with the Florida Naval Reserves as a private under the command of Lieutenant Bland.

Later he was transferred to Commander Bissinger’s command, and ordered to the navy yard in Pensacola, where he served out the full term of his enlistment, two years. Returning to Green Cove Springs, Mr. Wager has since followed the carpenter’s trade and has successfully engaged in the culture of the fruit and truck farming. On September 27, 1899, he was married to Katie F., daughter of F. B. and Janette McLain of Canada. He is one of the worthy young men of that section and deserving of success. [Memoirs of Florida]

Weeks, James, of Green Cove Springs, was born in Clay county, Fla., December 4, 1850, son of John A. and Eleonora (Wilson) Weeks. He received his early education in the schools of Clay county and later in those of Duval county, whither he accompanied his father, who removed there to engage in stock raising and farming. He was with his father until 1881 when he removed to Palatka, and for a time was in business as a general merchant.

He was afterward quite active in the timber business until 1895, when he was elected sheriff of Clay county, a position he ably filled for the next five years. Since then he has been notable successful in the cattle business. In January, 1900, he formed a partnership with Charles E. Haas in the sawmill and logging industry under the firm name Haas & Weeks. Mr. Weeks is married has four children, E. J., Lillie, Mabel and Mamie. [Memoirs of Florida]

White, Tilman is perhaps as well and favorably known as any gentleman in town. He holds the responsible position of General manager of a large lumber manufacturing company of Fairhead, Strawn & Co., a position which long experience in that line enables him to fill satisfactory to all. His beautiful cottage is in the heart of the town, where he is always pleased to meet his numerous friends.

Wilson, E. M. One of the best saloons in the State is that of E. M. Wilson. Mr. Wilson keeps the best of wines and liquors and the finest cigars, and there is not a shadow of doubt as to his treating you well every time you call. Some of his brands of liquors have become known all over the country for excellent qualities. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

Zittel, George is among the old citizens of the town [Green Cove Springs] as well as one of the most worthy. Mr. Zittel has just erected a handsome store, which is filled with everything good to eat, drink and wear. [Live Towns and Live Men 1891]

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